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Somalia People 2008
https://allcountries.org/wfb2008/somalia/somalia_people.html
SOURCE: 2008 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Population:
9,118,773
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2007 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.4% (male 2,031,682/female 2,019,629)
15-64 years: 53% (male 2,423,602/female 2,410,126)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 97,932/female 135,802) (2007 est.)

Median age:
total: 17.6 years
male: 17.5 years
female: 17.7 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.832% (2007 est.)

Birth rate:
44.6 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate:
16.28 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.006 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.006 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.721 male(s)/female
total population: 0.997 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 113.08 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 122.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 103.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 48.84 years
male: 47.06 years
female: 50.69 years (2007 est.)


See also: Healthy Life Expectancy


See also: Health Performance

Total fertility rate:
6.68 children born/woman (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1% (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
43,000 (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2007)

Nationality:
noun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali

Ethnic groups:
Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

Religions:
Sunni Muslim

Languages:
Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.8%
male: 49.7%
female: 25.8% (2001 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia People 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia People 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 24-May-08
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