2005 INDEXCountry Ranks
Sudan Index 2005
Sudan Main Index
Sudan Introduction - 2005
SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan has been embroiled in a civil war for all but 10 years since then. The war is rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. Since 1983, the war and war- and famine-related effects have resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced. The ruling regime is a mixture of military elite and an Islamist party that came to power in a 1989 coup. Some northern opposition parties have made common cause with the southern rebels and entered the war as part of an anti-government alliance. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-03 with the signing of several accords, including a cease-fire agreement.
NOTE: The information regarding Sudan on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sudan Introduction 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sudan Introduction 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.