Support Our Sponsor
. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |SEARCH|
  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2005 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS

    Sudan Index 2005

    Sudan Main Index


    . Feedback
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Sudan Government - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/sudan/sudan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of the Sudan
      conventional short form: Sudan
      local long form: Jumhuriyat as-Sudan
      local short form: As-Sudan
      former: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

      Government type:
      authoritarian regime - ruling military junta took power in 1989; government is run by an alliance of the military and the National Congress Party (NCP), formerly the National Islamic Front (NIF), which espouses an Islamist platform

      Capital:
      Khartoum

      Administrative divisions:
      26 states (wilayat, singular - wilayah); A'ali an Nil (Upper Nile), Al Bahr al Ahmar (Red Sea), Al Buhayrat (Lakes), Al Jazirah (El Gezira), Al Khartum (Khartoum), Al Qadarif (Gedaref), Al Wahdah (Unity), An Nil al Abyad (White Nile), An Nil al Azraq (Blue Nile), Ash Shamaliyah (Northern), Bahr al Jabal (Bahr al Jabal), Gharb al Istiwa'iyah (Western Equatoria), Gharb Bahr al Ghazal (Western Bahr al Ghazal), Gharb Darfur (Western Darfur), Gharb Kurdufan (Western Kordofan), Janub Darfur (Southern Darfur), Janub Kurdufan (Southern Kordofan), Junqali (Jonglei), Kassala (Kassala), Nahr an Nil (Nile), Shamal Bahr al Ghazal (Northern Bahr al Ghazal), Shamal Darfur (Northern Darfur), Shamal Kurdufan (Northern Kordofan), Sharq al Istiwa'iyah (Eastern Equatoria), Sinnar (Sinnar), Warab (Warab)

      Independence:
      1 January 1956 (from Egypt and UK)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 1 January (1956)

      Constitution:
      12 April 1973, suspended following coup of 6 April 1985; interim constitution of 10 October 1985 suspended following coup of 30 June 1989; new constitution implemented on 30 June 1998 partially suspended 12 December 1999 by President BASHIR

      Legal system:
      based on English common law and Islamic law; as of 20 January 1991, the now defunct Revolutionary Command Council imposed Islamic law in the northern states; Islamic law applies to all residents of the northern states regardless of their religion; some separate religious courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage:
      17 years of age; universal, but noncompulsory

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Field Marshall Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 October 1993); First Vice President Salva KIIR (since 4 August 2005), Second Vice President Moses MACHAR (since 12 February 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President Field Marshall Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 October 1993); First Vice President Salva KIIR (since 4 August 2005), Second Vice President Moses MACHAR (since 12 February 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president; note - the National Congress Party or NCP (formerly the National Islamic Front or NIF) dominates al-BASHIR's cabinet
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 13-23 December 2000 (next to be held NA)
      election results: Field Marshall Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR reelected president; percent of vote - Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR 86.5%, Ja'afar Muhammed NUMAYRI 9.6%, three other candidates received a combined vote of 3.9%; election widely viewed as rigged; all popular opposition parties boycotted elections because of a lack of guarantees for a free and fair election
      note: al-BASHIR assumed power as chairman of Sudan's Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation (RCC) in June 1989 and served concurrently as chief of state, chairman of the RCC, prime minister, and minister of defense until mid-October 1993 when he was appointed president by the RCC; he was elected president by popular vote for the first time in March 1996

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral National Assembly (360 seats; 270 popularly elected, 90 elected by supra assembly of interest groups known as National Congress; members serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 13-22 December 2000 (next to be held NA)
      election results: NCP 355, others 5

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court; Special Revolutionary Courts

      Political parties and leaders:
      the government allows political "associations" under a 1998 law revised in 2000; to obtain government approval parties must accept the constitution and refrain from advocating or using violence against the regime; approved parties include the National Congress Party or NCP [Ibrahim Ahmed UMAR], Popular National Congress or PNC [Hassan al-TURABI], and over 20 minor, pro-government parties

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Democratic Unionist Party [Muhammed Uthman AL-MIRGHANI]; National Democratic Alliance [Muhammed Uthman AL-MIRGHANI, chairman]; Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army [Dr. John GARANG]; Umma Party [Sadiq al-MAHDI]

      International organization participation:
      ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires, Ad Interim Khidir Haroun AHMED (since April 2001)
      chancery: 2210 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 338-8565
      FAX: [1] (202) 667-2406

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Gerard M. GALLUCCI
      embassy: Sharia Abdul Latif Avenue, Khartoum
      mailing address: P. O. Box 699, Khartoum; APO AE 09829
      telephone: [249] (11) 774611 or 774700
      FAX: [249] (11) 774137
      note: US Consul in Cairo is providing backup service for Khartoum

      Flag description:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist side


      NOTE: The information regarding Sudan on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sudan Government 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sudan Government 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -



    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/sudan/sudan_government.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR051110