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Mozambique Geography 2008
https://allcountries.org/wfb2008/mozambique/mozambique_geography.html
SOURCE: 2008 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Location:
Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania

Geographic coordinates:
18 15 S, 35 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 801,590 sq km
land: 784,090 sq km
water: 17,500 sq km

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,571 km
border countries: Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa 491 km, Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe 1,231 km

Coastline:
2,470 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical to subtropical

Terrain:
mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m

Natural resources:
coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite

Land use:
arable land: 5.43%
permanent crops: 0.29%
other: 94.28% (2005)

Irrigated land:
1,180 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources:
216 cu km (1992)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Total: 0.63 cu km/yr (11%/2%/87%)
Per capita: 32 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural hazards:
severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces

Environment - current issues:
a long civil war and recurrent drought in the hinterlands have resulted in increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters; elephant poaching for ivory is a problem

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the Zambezi flows through the north-central and most fertile part of the country


NOTE: The information regarding Mozambique on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mozambique Geography 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mozambique Geography 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 24-May-08
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