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Malawi Economy 2008
https://allcountries.org/wfb2008/malawi/malawi_economy.html
SOURCE: 2008 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Economy - overview:
Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's most densely populated and least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 85% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounts for more than one-third of GDP and 90% of export revenues. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth as tobacco accounts for more than half of exports. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In December 2007 the US granted Malawi eligibility status to receive financial support within the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) initiative. Malawi will now begin a consultative process to develop a five-year program before funding can begin. In 2006, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. The government faces many challenges, including developing a market economy, improving educational facilities, facing up to environmental problems, dealing with the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS, and satisfying foreign donors that fiscal discipline is being tightened. In 2005, President MUTHARIKA championed an anticorruption campaign. Since 2005 President MUTHARIKA'S government has exhibited improved financial discipline under the guidance of Finance Minister Goodall GONDWE and signed a three year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility worth $56 million with the IMF. Improved relations with the IMF lead other international donors to resume aid as well.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$10.47 billion (2007 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$2.37 billion (2007 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
5.7% (2007 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$800 (2007 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 36.3%
industry: 18.6%
services: 45.1% (2007 est.)

Labor force:
4.5 million (2001 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2003 est.)

Unemployment rate:
NA%

Population below poverty line:
53% (2004)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 31.8% (2004)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
39 (2004)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
8% (2007 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
9.4% of GDP (2007 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $1.082 billion
expenditures: $1.142 billion (2007 est.)

Public debt:
42.2% of GDP (2007 est.)

Agriculture - products:
tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats

Industries:
tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods

Industrial production growth rate:
2.5% (2007 est.)

Electricity - production:
1.397 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
1.299 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - consumption:
6,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - imports:
6,263 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2005)

natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$180 million (2007 est.)

Exports:
$657 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Exports - commodities:
tobacco 53%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel

Exports - partners:
South Africa 12.6%, Germany 9.7%, Egypt 9.6%, US 9.5%, Zimbabwe 8.5%, Russia 5.4%, Netherlands 4.4% (2006)

Imports:
$892 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Imports - partners:
South Africa 34.6%, India 8.1%, Zambia 7.8%, US 6.4%, Tanzania 5.8%, Germany 4.6%, China 4.3% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$575.3 million (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$140 million (31 December 2007 est.)

Debt - external:
$622 million (31 December 2007 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$NA

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$NA

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Currency (code):
Malawian kwacha (MWK)

Exchange rates:
Malawian kwachas per US dollar - 141.12 (2007), 135.96 (2006), 108.894 (2005), 108.898 (2004), 97.433 (2003)

Fiscal year:
1 July - 30 June


NOTE: The information regarding Malawi on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malawi Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malawi Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 24-May-08
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