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Dominican Republic Economy 2007
https://allcountries.org/wfb2007/dominican_republic/dominican_republic_economy.html
SOURCE: 2007 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Economy - overview:
The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean representative democracy that enjoyed strong GDP growth until 2003. Although the country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economy's largest employer due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. Growth turned negative in 2003 with reduced tourism, a major bank fraud, and limited growth in the US economy (the source of about 80% of export revenues), but recovered in 2004-06. With the help of strict fiscal targets agreed in the 2004 renegotiation of an IMF standby loan, President FERNANDEZ has stabilized the country's financial situation. Although the economy continues to grow at a respectable rate, high unemployment and inflation remain important challenges. The country suffers from marked income inequality; the poorest half of the population receives less than one-fifth of GNP, while the richest 10% enjoys nearly 40% of national income. The Dominican Republic's development prospects improved with the ratification of the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) in September 2005.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$77.09 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$20.55 billion (2006 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
10.7% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$8,400 (2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 11.6%
industry: 28.6%
services: 59.8% (2006 est.)

Labor force:
3.896 million (2006 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 17%
industry: 24.3%
services: 58.7% (1998 est.)

Unemployment rate:
16% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line:
42.2% (2004)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.4%
highest 10%: 41.1% (2004)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
51.6 (2004)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
7.6% (2006 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
16.3% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $5.658 billion
expenditures: $6.119 billion (2006 est.)

Public debt:
43.3% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture - products:
sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs

Industries:
tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco

Industrial production growth rate:
2% (2001 est.)

Electricity - production:
12.22 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
8.791 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
12 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - consumption:
127,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - exports:
NA bbl/day

Oil - imports:
116,700 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
239.8 million cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
239.8 million cu m (2005)

Current account balance:
$-786 million (2006 est.)

Exports:
$6.44 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports - commodities:
ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods

Exports - partners:
US 72.6%, UK 3.2%, Belgium 2.4% (2006)

Imports:
$11.19 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports - commodities:
foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals

Imports - partners:
US 46.9%, Venezuela 8.4%, Colombia 6.3%, Mexico 5.7% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$76.99 million (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$2.127 billion (2006 est.)

Debt - external:
$7.909 billion (2006 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$10.67 billion (2006 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$59 million (2006 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Currency (code):
Dominican peso (DOP)

Exchange rates:
Dominican pesos per US dollar - 33.406 (2006), 30.409 (2005), 42.12 (2004), 30.831 (2003), 18.61 (2002)

Fiscal year:
calendar year


NOTE: The information regarding Dominican Republic on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominican Republic Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominican Republic Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.



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