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    Vanuatu Index 2005

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    Vanuatu Geography - 2005

      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates:
      16 00 S, 167 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 12,200 sq km
      land: 12,200 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Connecticut

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      2,528 km

      Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

      tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April

      mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m

      Natural resources:
      manganese, hardwood forests, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 2.46%
      permanent crops: 7.38%
      other: 90.16% (2001)

      Irrigated land:

      Natural hazards:
      tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanism causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues:
      a majority of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes

      NOTE: The information regarding Vanuatu on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vanuatu Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vanuatu Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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