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    Tanzania Index 2005

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    Tanzania People - 2005

      note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)

      Age structure:
      0-14 years: 44% (male 8,100,216/female 8,074,171)
      15-64 years: 53.4% (male 9,665,957/female 9,963,772)
      65 years and over: 2.6% (male 418,080/female 544,160) (2005 est.)

      Median age:
      total: 17.62 years
      male: 17.36 years
      female: 17.89 years (2005 est.)

      Population growth rate:
      1.83% (2005 est.)

      Birth rate:
      38.16 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Death rate:
      16.71 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Net migration rate:
      -3.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Sex ratio:
      at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
      total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

      Infant mortality rate:
      total: 98.54 deaths/1,000 live births
      male: 107.85 deaths/1,000 live births
      female: 88.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

      Life expectancy at birth:
      total population: 45.24 years
      male: 44.56 years
      female: 45.94 years (2005 est.)

      See also: Healthy Life Expectancy

      See also: Health Performance

      Total fertility rate:
      5.06 children born/woman (2005 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
      8.8% (2003 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
      1.6 million (2003 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - deaths:
      160,000 (2003 est.)

      Major infectious diseases:
      degree of risk: very high
      food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
      vectorborne diseases: malaria, Rift Valley fever and plague are high risks in some locations
      water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2004)

      noun: Tanzanian(s)
      adjective: Tanzanian

      Ethnic groups:
      mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African

      mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

      Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
      note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

      definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
      total population: 78.2%
      male: 85.9%
      female: 70.7% (2003 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania People 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania People 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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