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    Sierra Leone Index 2005

    Sierra Leone Main Index

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    Sierra Leone People - 2005

      6,017,643 (July 2005 est.)

      Age structure:
      0-14 years: 44.7% (male 1,318,508/female 1,371,164)
      15-64 years: 52% (male 1,494,068/female 1,637,276)
      65 years and over: 3.3% (male 93,047/female 103,580) (2005 est.)

      Median age:
      total: 17.53 years
      male: 17.2 years
      female: 17.84 years (2005 est.)

      Population growth rate:
      2.22% (2005 est.)

      Birth rate:
      42.84 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Death rate:
      20.61 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Net migration rate:
      0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
      note: refugees currently in surrounding countries are slowly returning (2005 est.)

      Sex ratio:
      at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
      total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

      Infant mortality rate:
      total: 143.64 deaths/1,000 live births
      male: 161.06 deaths/1,000 live births
      female: 125.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

      Life expectancy at birth:
      total population: 42.52 years
      male: 40.13 years
      female: 44.98 years (2005 est.)

      See also: Healthy Life Expectancy

      See also: Health Performance

      Total fertility rate:
      5.72 children born/woman (2005 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
      7% (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
      170,000 (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - deaths:
      11,000 (2001 est.)

      Major infectious diseases:
      degree of risk: very high
      food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
      vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever are high risks in some locations
      water contact disease: schistosomiasis
      aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2004)

      noun: Sierra Leonean(s)
      adjective: Sierra Leonean

      Ethnic groups:
      20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians

      Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%

      English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

      definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
      total population: 31.4%
      male: 45.4%
      female: 18.2% (1995 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Sierra Leone on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sierra Leone People 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sierra Leone People 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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