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    Ireland Index 2005

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    Ireland Geography - 2005

      Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

      Geographic coordinates:
      53 00 N, 8 00 W

      Map references:

      total: 70,280 sq km
      land: 68,890 sq km
      water: 1,390 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 360 km
      border countries: UK 360 km

      1,448 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

      temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

      mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

      Natural resources:
      natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

      Land use:
      arable land: 15.2%
      permanent crops: 0.03%
      other: 84.77% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin

      NOTE: The information regarding Ireland on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ireland Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ireland Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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