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    Holy See (Vatican City) Index 2005

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    Holy See (Vatican City) Government - 2005

      Country name:
      conventional long form: The Holy See (State of the Vatican City)
      conventional short form: Holy See (Vatican City)
      local long form: Santa Sede (Stato della Citta del Vaticano)
      local short form: Santa Sede (Citta del Vaticano)

      Government type:

      Vatican City

      Administrative divisions:

      11 February 1929 (from Italy); note - the three treaties signed with Italy on 11 February 1929 acknowledged, among other things, the full sovereignty of the Vatican and established its territorial extent; however, the origin of the Papal States, which over the years have varied considerably in extent, may be traced back to the 8th century

      National holiday:
      Coronation Day of Pope BENEDICT XVI, 24 April (2005)

      new Fundamental Law promulgated by Pope JOHN PAUL II on 26 November 2000, effective 22 February 2001 (replaces the first Fundamental Law of 1929)

      Legal system:
      based on Code of Canon Law and revisions to it

      limited to cardinals less than 80 years old

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Pope BENEDICT XVI (since 19 April 2005)
      head of government: Secretary of State Cardinal Angelo SODANO (since 1 December 1990)
      cabinet: Pontifical Commission appointed by the pope
      elections: pope elected for life by the College of Cardinals; election last held 19 April 2005 (next to be held after the death of the current pope); secretary of state appointed by the pope
      election results: Joseph RATZINGER elected Pope BENEDICT XVI

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Pontifical Commission

      Judicial branch:
      there are three tribunals responsible for civil and criminal matters within Vatican City; three other tribunals rule on issues pertaining to the Holy See
      note: judicial duties were established by the Motu Proprio of Pius XII on 1 May 1946

      Political parties and leaders:

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      none (exclusive of influence exercised by church officers)

      International organization participation:
      CE (observer), IAEA, ICFTU, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM (guest), OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNHCR, UPU, WIPO, WToO (observer), WTO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Apostolic Nuncio Archbishop Gabriel MONTALVO
      chancery: 3339 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 333-7121
      FAX: [1] (202) 337-4036

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
      embassy: Villa Domiziana, Via delle Terme Deciane 26, 00153 Rome
      mailing address: PSC 59, Box 66, APO AE 09624
      telephone: [39] (06) 4674-3428
      FAX: [39] (06) 575-8346

      Flag description:
      two vertical bands of yellow (hoist side) and white with the crossed keys of Saint Peter and the papal miter centered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Holy See (Vatican City) on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Holy See (Vatican City) Government 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Holy See (Vatican City) Government 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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