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    Haiti Index 2005

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    Haiti Geography - 2005

      Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

      Geographic coordinates:
      19 00 N, 72 25 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 27,750 sq km
      land: 27,560 sq km
      water: 190 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 360 km
      border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km

      1,771 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

      tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

      mostly rough and mountainous

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

      Natural resources:
      bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 28.3%
      permanent crops: 11.61%
      other: 60.09% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      750 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes

      Geography - note:
      shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

      NOTE: The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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