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    Christmas Island Index 2005

    Christmas Island Main Index

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    Christmas Island Geography - 2005

      Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates:
      10 30 S, 105 40 E

      Map references:
      Southeast Asia

      total: 135 sq km
      land: 135 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      138.9 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 12 nm
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

      tropical with a wet and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds; wet season December to April

      steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

      Natural resources:
      phosphate, beaches

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100%
      note: mainly tropical rainforest; 63% of the island is a national park (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues:

      Geography - note:
      located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Christmas Island on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Christmas Island Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Christmas Island Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)