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350. Authorized Intercepts of Communication -- Summary

[Data for jurisdictions with statutes authorizing or approvinginterception of wire or oral communication. The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (18 U.S.C. 2519) requires the AdministrativeOffice of the U.S. Courts to report to Congress the number and nature offederal and state applications for orders authorizing the interceptionof wire, oral, or electronic communications]

       
Item 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
     
Jurisdictions: 1
  With wiretap statutes 19 20 21 24 24 24 24 24 24 26 28 29 29 31 31 32 32 33 34 37 40 41 41 41 41 41 46
  Reporting interceptions. 12 14 18 19 19 18 21 19 20 20 22 22 22 20 24 22 24 22 23 25 25 23 23 23 18 19 24
  Intercept applications
   authorized.. 596 816 855 864 728 701 686 626 570 553 564 589 578 648 801 784 754 673 738 763 872 856 919 976 1,154 1,058 1,149
  Intercept installations.. 582 792 841 812 694 676 635 601 560 533 524 562 518 602 773 722 676 634 678 720 812 802 846 938 1,100 1,024 1,035
    Federal.. 179 281 205 130 120 106 136 77 81 87 79 106 129 205 277 235 247 233 286 305 321 349 332 444 549 527 574
    State 403 511 636 682 574 570 499 524 479 446 445 456 389 397 496 487 429 401 392 415 491 453 514 494 551 497 461
Intercepted communications,
  average 2 655 643 600 610 850 654 662 658 738 866 1,058 848 1,082 1,107 1,209 1,320 1,328 1,299 1,251 1,656 1,487 1,584 1,861 1,801 2,139 2,028 1,969
  Incriminating. 295 399 303 304 431 305 272 268 205 252 315 190 209 229 298 275 253 230 316 337 321 290 347 364 373 459 422
Persons arrested 3 1,874 2,811 2,861 2,306 2,162 2,234 2,189 2,191 1,825 1,717 1,871 1,735 1,725 1,716 2,393 2,469 2,410 2,226 2,486 2,804 2,057 2,364 2,685 2,428 2,852 2,577 2,464
  Convictions 3 151 322 402 409 179 336 358 372 337 368 259 248 453 521 649 660 761 506 543 706 420 605 607 413 772 494 502
Major offense specified:
  Gambling 325 570 497 446 381 408 378 265 241 204 199 156 150 157 186 206 189 135 126 111 116 98 66 96 86 95 114
  Drugs.. 127 126 230 229 199 178 190 237 195 250 282 318 333 360 483 434 348 379 435 471 520 536 634 679 876 732 821
  Homicide and assault 21 18 35 47 21 16 10 22 25 29 13 33 31 31 30 25 34 18 14 20 21 21 35 28 19 30 41
  Other 123 102 93 142 127 99 108 102 109 70 70 82 64 100 102 119 183 141 163 161 215 201 184 173 173 201 173



1 Jurisdictions include Federal Government, States, and the District of Columbia.
2 Average per authorized installation.
3 Based on information received from intercepts installed in year shown; additional arrests/convictions will occur in subsequent years but arenot shown here.

Source: Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts,Report on Applications for Orders Authorizing or Approving the Interception ofWire, Oral or Electronic Communications, (Wiretap Report), annual.

http://www.uscourts.gov/

*Applications for Orders Authorizingor Approving the Interception of Wire, Oral,or Electronic Communications

Reporting Requirements ofthe Statute

Each federal and state judge is required tofile a written report with the Director of theAdministrative Office of the United States Courts(AO) on each application for an order authorizingthe interception of a wire, oral, or electroniccommunication (18 U.S.C. 2519(1)). This reportis to be furnished within 30 days of the denial ofthe application or the expiration of the court order(after all extensions have expired). The reportmust include the name of the official who appliedfor the order, the offense under investigation, thetype of interception device, the general location ofthe device, and the duration of the authorizedintercept.

Prosecuting officials who applied for interceptionorders are required to submit reports tothe AO no later than January 31 on all orders thatwere terminated during the previous calendaryear. These reports contain information related tothe cost of the intercept, the number of days theintercept device was actually in operation, thetotal number of intercepts, and the number ofincriminating intercepts recorded. Results such asarrests, trials, convictions, and the number ofmotions to suppress evidence related directly tothe use of intercepts are also noted.

Neither the judges reports nor the prosecutingofficials reports contain the names, addresses,or phone numbers of the parties investigated. TheAO is not authorized to collect this information.

These data are tabulations of the number of applicationsfor interceptions that were granted or denied,as reported by judges, as well as the numberof authorizations for which interception deviceswere installed, as reported by prosecuting officials.No statistics are available on the number ofdevices installed for each authorization.

No report to the AO is required when anorder is issued with the consent of one of theprincipal parties to the communication. Examplesof such situations include the use of a wire interceptionto investigate obscene phone calls; theinterception of a communication to which a policeofficer or police informant is a party; the use of abody microphone; or the use of only a pen register(a mechanical device attached to a telephone lineto record on paper tape all numbers dialed fromthat line).

Regulations

The Director of the AO is empowered todevelop and revise the reporting regulations andreporting forms for collecting information on intercepts.Copies of the regulations, the reportingforms, and the federal wiretapping statute may beobtained by writing to the Administrative Office ofthe United States Courts, Statistics Division, Washington,D.C. 20544.

The Attorney General of the United States,the Deputy Attorney General, the Associate AttorneyGeneral, any Assistant Attorney General, anyacting Assistant Attorney General, or any speciallydesignated Deputy Assistant Attorney General inthe Criminal Division of the Department of Justicemay authorize an application to a federal judge foran order authorizing the interception of wire, oral,or electronic communications. On the state level,applications are made by a prosecuting attorneyif such attorney is authorized by a statute of thatState to make application to a State court judge ofcompetent jurisdiction.

Many wiretap orders are related to large-scalecriminal investigations that cross county andstate boundaries. Consequently, arrests, trials,and convictions resulting from these interceptionsoften do not occur within the same year as theinstallation of the intercept device. Under 18U.S.C. 2519(2), prosecuting officials must filesupplementary reports on additional court or policeactivity that occurs as a result of interceptsreported in prior years.

*

https://allcountries.org/uscensus/350_authorized_intercepts_of_communication_summary.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright 2019 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.