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    Iceland Index 2005

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    Iceland Government - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/iceland/iceland_government.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Iceland
      conventional short form: Iceland
      local long form: Lydhveldidh Island
      local short form: Island

      Government type:
      constitutional republic

      Capital:
      Reykjavik

      Administrative divisions:
      8 regions; Austurland, Hofudhborgarsvaedhi, Nordhurland Eystra, Nordhurland Vestra, Sudhurland, Sudhurnes, Vestfirdhir, Vesturland

      Independence:
      1 December 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 June 1944 (from Denmark)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 17 June (1944)

      Constitution:
      16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944, amended many times

      Legal system:
      civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 August 1996)
      head of government: Prime Minister Halldor ASGRIMSSON (since 15 September 2004); note - Former Prime Minister David ODDSSON switched positions with former Foreign Minister Halldor ASGRIMMSON
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by parliament
      elections: president, which is largely a ceremonial post, elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 26 June 2004 (next to be held June 2008); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually the prime minister
      election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON wins with 85.6% of the vote, Baldur AGUSTSSON 12.5%, Astthor MAGNUSSON 1.9%

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 10 May 2003 (next to be held by May 2007)
      election results: percent of vote by party - Independence Party 33.7%, Social Democratic Alliance 31.0%, Progressive Party 17.7%, Left-Green Alliance 8.8%, Liberal Party 7.4%; seats by party - Independence Party 22, Social Democratic Alliance 20, Progressive Party 12, Left-Green Alliance 5, Liberal Party 4

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed for life by the Minister of Justice); eight district courts (justices are appointed for life by the Minister of Justice)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Independence Party or IP [David ODDSSON]; Left-Green Alliance or LGP [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party or LP [Gudjon KRISTJANSSON]; Progressive Party or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; Social Democratic Alliance (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SDP, Women's List) or SDA [Ingibjorg Solrun GISLADOTTIR]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      NA

      International organization participation:
      Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Helgi AGUSTSSON
      chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005-1704
      telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador James I. GADSDEN
      embassy: Laufasvegur 21, 101 Reykjavik
      mailing address: US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340
      telephone: [354] 562-9100
      FAX: [354] 562-9118

      Flag description:
      blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)


      NOTE: The information regarding Iceland on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iceland Government 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iceland Government 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/iceland/iceland_government.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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