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354. General Purpose Law Enforcement Agencies -- Number, Employment, and Expenditures

[Includes both full-time and part-time employees. State police data arebased on the 49 main state police agencies; Hawaii does not have a state police agency. Expenditure data cover fiscal years ending in year shown]

 
1990 1993 1996
Type Number of employees Number of employees Number of employees
of
Agency Number Number Full-time Part-time Number Full-time Part-time
of Total Sworn Civilian of of
agencies 1 agencies 1 Total Sworn Civilian Total Sworn Civilian agencies 1 Total Sworn Civilian Total Sworn Civilian
 
NUMBER
 
    Total............................................................ 15,430 812,110 590,626 221,484 17,120 828,435 622,913 205,522 87,875 42,890 44,985 18,769 921,978 663,535 258,443 97,770 47,712 50,058
 
Local police....................................................................................................... 12,288 513,596 387,534 126,062 12,361 474,072 373,554 100,518 58,146 28,186 29,960 13,578 521,985 410,956 111,029 61,453 30,976 30,477
Sheriff............................................................. 3,093 220,380 150,610 69,770 3,084 224,236 155,815 68,421 19,660 11,048 8,612 3,088 257,712 152,922 104,790 22,412 10,845 11,567
State police....................................................... 49 78,134 52,482 25,652 49 76,972 51,874 25,098 845 228 617 49 83,742 54,587 29,155 1,303 132 1,171
Special police.................................................... (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,626 53,156 41,670 11,485 9,224 3,428 5,796 1,316 56,229 43,082 13,147 12,003 5,202 6,801
Texas constable................................................. (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 738 2,310 1,988 322 599 557 42
 
PERCENT
 
    Total............................................................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
 
Local police....................................................................................................... 79.6 63.2 65.6 56.9 72.2 57.2 60.0 48.9 66.2 65.7 66.6 72.3 56.6 61.9 43.0 62.9 64.9 60.9
Sheriff............................................................. 20.0 27.1 25.5 31.5 18.0 27.1 25.0 33.3 22.4 25.8 19.1 16.5 28.0 23.0 40.5 22.9 22.7 23.1
State police....................................................... 0.3 9.6 8.9 11.6 0.3 9.3 8.3 12.2 1.0 0.5 1.4 0.3 9.1 8.2 11.3 1.3 0.3 2.3
Special police.................................................... (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 9.5 6.4 6.7 5.6 10.5 8.0 12.9 7.0 6.1 6.5 5.1 12.3 10.9 13.6
Texas constable................................................. (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 3.9 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6 1.2 0.1



1 The Number of agencies reported here is the result of a weighted sample and not an exact enumeration.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics,State and Local Police Departments, 1990, February 1992.; andLocal Police Departments, 1993, series NCJ 148822, April 1996Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 1996, series NCJ 164618, June 1998.

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/sandlle.htm

*1993

The Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics(LEMAS) survey collects data from a nationally representativesample of the more than 17,000 publicly funded State and locallaw enforcement agencies in the United States. This reportfocuses on general purpose local police departments operated bya municipal or county government. Police departments withspecial jurisdictions such as parks, transit systems, airports,or school systems have been defined as special police and arenot included. The population served categories used in this report are basedon official 1990 Census Bureau counts for cities and counties. For some county police departments, the population served wasderived by subtracting the population of cities within thecounty that were served by municipal police from the overallcounty population.All 854 State and local law enforcement agencies in the UnitedStates with 100 or more sworn officers (as reported in the 1992BJS Directory Survey of Law Enforcement Agencies) received thefull-length LEMAS questionnaire. The 854 self-representing (SR)agencies were supplemented by a nationally representative sampleof agencies with fewer than 100 sworn officers. Thesenon self-representing (NSR) agencies were chosen using astratified random sample with cells based on the type of agency(local police, sheriff, or special police), size of populationserved, and number of sworn officers. The 2,416 NSR agenciesreceived a slightly abbreviated version of the LEMASquestionnaire that was mailed to the SR agencies.The initial mailing of the survey questionnaire was conducted inAugust 1993. The pay period containing June 15, 1993, was usedas the reference date for personnel-related questions and June30, 1993, for other questions. The data were collected by theBureau of the Census for the Bureau of Justice Statistics.After two follow-up mailings and additional telephone calls asneeded, a final total of 3,028 agencies responded to the LEMASquestionnaire, including 831 SR agencies and 2,197 NSR agencies.The overall response rate was 92.6%. The final databaseincludes responses from 1,827 local police departments, 918sheriffs' departments, 234 special police departments, and the49 primary State police departments.The base weight for all SR agencies is 1. For NSR local andspecial police departments, the base weight is 8, and for NSRsheriffs' departments it is 4. The final weight associated withevery agency, both SR and NSR, is the product of the base weightand a factor that adjusted for any non responding agencies ineach cell. This agency nonresponse factor was based on numberof sworn officers for SR agencies and on number of agencies forNSR agencies.Some responding agencies did not fully complete the LEMASquestionnaire. When an agency did not supply a response to anitem, a donor agency was randomly selected from respondingagencies in the same sample cell. The donor agency's value forthe item was placed into the nonresponding agency's responsefield with an indicator that the value had been imputed. Complete documentation regarding sampling procedures andnonresponse adjustments is available upon request. Data on the number of employees and on the amount of agencyexpenditures in this report are not comparable with figuresbased on the BJS Survey of Criminal Justice Expenditure andEmployment series. In the latter, these data are presented bygovernmental function, whereas in the LEMAS survey expendituresare classified by type of agency. For example, what might beattributed to sheriffs' departments in the LEMAS survey would beapportioned among various functions, such as police protectionand corrections, in the expenditure and employment series. Also, the LEMAS figures for operating expenditures includeemployee benefits, but the expenditure and employment figures donot.

*

https://allcountries.org/uscensus/354_general_purpose_law_enforcement_agencies_number.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright 2019 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.