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Honduras Economy 2008
https://allcountries.org/wfb2008/honduras/honduras_economy.html
SOURCE: 2008 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Economy - overview:
Honduras, the second poorest country in Central America and one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, with an extraordinarily unequal distribution of income and massive unemployment, is banking on expanded trade under the US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and on debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. Despite improvements in tax collections, the government's fiscal deficit is growing due to increases in current expenditures and financial losses from the state energy and telephone companies. Honduras is the fastest growing remittance destination in the region with inflows representing over a quarter of GDP, equivalent to nearly three-quarters of exports. The economy relies heavily on a narrow range of exports, notably bananas and coffee, making it vulnerable to natural disasters and shifts in commodity prices, however, investments in the maquila and non-traditional export sectors are slowly diversifying the economy. Growth remains dependent on the economy of the US, its largest trading partner, and on reduction of the high crime rate, as a means of attracting and maintaining investment.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$24.69 billion (2007 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$9.2 billion (2007 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
6% (2007 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$3,300 (2007 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 13.5%
industry: 31%
services: 55.6% (2007 est.)

Labor force:
2.812 million (2007 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 34%
industry: 23%
services: 43% (2003 est.)

Unemployment rate:
27.8% (2007 est.)

Population below poverty line:
50.7% (2004)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 42.2% (2003)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
53.8 (2003)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
6.4% (2007 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
26.3% of GDP (2007 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $2.089 billion
expenditures: $2.357 billion; including capital expenditures of $106 million (2007 est.)

Public debt:
29.3% of GDP (2007 est.)

Agriculture - products:
bananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster; corn, African palm

Industries:
sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products

Industrial production growth rate:
5.3% (2007 est.)

Electricity - production:
5.339 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
4.036 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
57 million kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - consumption:
43,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - exports:
765.4 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - imports:
42,620 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2005)

natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$446 million (2007 est.)

Exports:
$3.924 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Exports - commodities:
coffee, shrimp, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber

Exports - partners:
US 70.5%, Guatemala 3.5%, El Salvador 3.4% (2006)

Imports:
$6.798 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Imports - partners:
US 53%, Guatemala 7%, El Salvador 4.5%, Costa Rica 4.1%, Mexico 4.1% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$680.8 million (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$2.892 billion (31 December 2007 est.)

Debt - external:
$3.871 billion (31 December 2007 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Currency (code):
lempira (HNL)

Exchange rates:
lempiras per US dollar - 18.9 (2007), 18.895 (2006), 18.92 (2005), 18.206 (2004), 17.345 (2003)

Fiscal year:
calendar year


NOTE: The information regarding Honduras on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Honduras Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Honduras Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 24-May-08
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