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Gambia, The Economy 2008
http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2008/gambia_the/gambia_the_economy.html
SOURCE: 2008 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Economy - overview:
The Gambia has no confirmed mineral or natural resource deposits and has a limited agricultural base. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock for its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. Reexport trade normally constitutes a major segment of economic activity, but a 1999 government-imposed preshipment inspection plan, and instability of the Gambian dalasi (currency) have drawn some of the reexport trade away from The Gambia. The Gambia's natural beauty and proximity to Europe has made it one of the larger markets for tourism in West Africa. The government's 1998 seizure of the private peanut firm Alimenta eliminated the largest purchaser of Gambian groundnuts. Despite an announced program to begin privatizing key parastatals, no plans have been made public that would indicate that the government intends to follow through on its promises. Unemployment and underemployment rates remain extremely high; short-run economic progress depends on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management, on continued technical assistance from the IMF and bilateral donors, and on expected growth in the construction sector.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$1.338 billion (2007 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$512 million (2007 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
7% (2007 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$800 (2007 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 32.8%
industry: 8.7%
services: 58.5% (2007 est.)

Labor force:
400,000 (1996)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 75%
industry: 19%
services: 6% (1996)

Unemployment rate:
NA%

Population below poverty line:
NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.8%
highest 10%: 37% (1998)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
50.2 (1998)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.5% (2007 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
27.7% of GDP (2007 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $160.4 million
expenditures: $165.7 million (2007 est.)

Agriculture - products:
rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats

Industries:
processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing

Industrial production growth rate:
-2.3% (2007 est.)

Electricity - production:
145 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
134.9 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - consumption:
2,030 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - exports:
41.5 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - imports:
2,050 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2005)

natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$31.69 million (2007 est.)

Exports:
$147.7 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Exports - commodities:
peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels, re-exports

Exports - partners:
India 38.5%, UK 15.9%, Indonesia 7.9%, France 7.1%, Italy 4.6% (2006)

Imports:
$276 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Imports - partners:
China 25.2%, Senegal 11.2%, Cote d'Ivoire 8.1%, Brazil 6.5%, Netherlands 4.5% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$58.15 million (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$119.9 million (31 December 2007 est.)

Debt - external:
$628.8 million (2003 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Currency (code):
dalasi (GMD)

Exchange rates:
dalasi per US dollar - 27.79 (2007), 28.066 (2006), 28.575 (2005), 30.03 (2004), 27.306 (2003)

Fiscal year:
calendar year


NOTE: The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gambia, The Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 24-May-08
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