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Madagascar Economy 2007
http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2007/madagascar/madagascar_economy.html
SOURCE: 2007 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Economy - overview:
Having discarded past socialist economic policies, Madagascar has since the mid 1990s followed a World Bank- and IMF-led policy of privatization and liberalization. This strategy placed the country on a slow and steady growth path from an extremely low level. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population. Exports of apparel have boomed in recent years primarily due to duty-free access to the US. Deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, are serious concerns. President RAVALOMANANA has worked aggressively to revive the economy following the 2002 political crisis, which triggered a 12% drop in GDP that year. Poverty reduction and combating corruption will be the centerpieces of economic policy for the next few years.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$17.27 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$5.059 billion (2006 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
4.7% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$900 (2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 28.2%
industry: 16.3%
services: 55.5% (2006 est.)

Labor force:
7.3 million (2000)

Population below poverty line:
50% (2004 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 36.6% (2001)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
47.5 (2001)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
10.8% (2006 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
25.4% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $863.3 million
expenditures: $1.132 billion (2006 est.)

Agriculture - products:
coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products

Industries:
meat processing, seafood, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism

Industrial production growth rate:
3% (2000 est.)

Electricity - production:
1.046 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
973.2 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
90.59 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - consumption:
14,500 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - exports:
NA bbl/day

Oil - imports:
NA bbl/day

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
$-579 million (2006 est.)

Exports:
$898 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports - commodities:
coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, chromite, petroleum products

Exports - partners:
France 32.1%, US 25.3%, Germany 6.1%, Italy 5.1%, UK 4.1% (2006)

Imports:
$1.467 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports - commodities:
capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food

Imports - partners:
France 13.9%, China 12%, Iran 9.3%, Mauritius 5.6%, Hong Kong 4.8% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$929.2 million (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$574 million (2006 est.)

Debt - external:
$4.6 billion (2002)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$NA

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$NA

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Currency (code):
Madagascar ariary (MGA)

Exchange rates:
Malagasy ariary per US dollar - 2,161.4 (2006), 2,003 (2005), 1,868.9 (2004), 1,238.3 (2003), 1,366.4 (2002)

Fiscal year:
calendar year


NOTE: The information regarding Madagascar on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Madagascar Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Madagascar Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.



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