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Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2007
http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2007/bosnia_and_herzegovina/bosnia_and_herzegovina_geography.html
SOURCE: 2007 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Location:
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

Geographic coordinates:
44 00 N, 18 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 51,129 sq km
land: 51,129 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,459 km
border countries: Croatia 932 km, Montenegro 225 km, Serbia 302 km

Coastline:
20 km

Maritime claims:
no data available

Climate:
hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

Terrain:
mountains and valleys

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Maglic 2,386 m

Natural resources:
coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, forests, hydropower

Land use:
arable land: 19.61%
permanent crops: 1.89%
other: 78.5% (2005)

Irrigated land:
30 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from metallurgical plants; sites for disposing of urban waste are limited; water shortages and destruction of infrastructure because of the 1992-95 civil strife; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
within Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and Montenegro, and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority in the west and an ethnic Serb majority in the east


NOTE: The information regarding Bosnia and Herzegovina on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 29-Sep-09
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