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    Uganda Index 2005

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    Uganda Economy - 2005
    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/uganda/uganda_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Corruption within the government and slippage in the government's determination to press reforms raise doubts about the continuation of strong growth. In 2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion. Growth for 2001-02 was solid despite continued decline in the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export. Solid growth in 2003-04 reflected an upturn in Uganda's export markets.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $39.39 billion (2004 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      5% (2004 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,500 (2004 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 35.8%
      industry: 20.8%
      services: 43.6% (2004 est.)

      Labor force:
      12.41 million (2004 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13% (1999 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      NA (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      35% (2001 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 4%
      highest 10%: 21% (2000)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      37.4 (1996)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      3.5% (2004 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      22.4% of GDP (2004 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $1.491 billion
      expenditures: $1.727 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)

      Public debt:
      73.9% of GDP (2004 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, cut flowers

      Industries:
      sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement, steel production

      Industrial production growth rate:
      5.6% (2004 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      1.775 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - consumption:
      1.401 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - exports:
      250 million kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2002)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      8,750 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Current account balance:
      $-590.8 million (2004 est.)

      Exports:
      $621.7 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      coffee, fish and fish products, tea; gold, cotton, flowers, horticultural products

      Exports - partners:
      Kenya 13.6%, Switzerland 11.2%, Netherlands 9.8%, Belgium 8.6%, France 4.2% (2004)

      Imports:
      $1.306 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals

      Imports - partners:
      Kenya 27.9%, India 8%, UAE 7.4%, South Africa 6.9%, UK 5.9%, China 5.6%, Japan 5.1%, US 4.6% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $1.2 billion (2004 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $3.865 billion (2004 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $1.4 billion (2000)

      Currency (code):
      Ugandan shilling (UGX)

      Exchange rates:
      Ugandan shillings per US dollar - 1,810.3 (2004), 1,963.7 (2003), 1,797.6 (2002), 1,755.7 (2001), 1,644.5 (2000)

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June


      NOTE: The information regarding Uganda on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uganda Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uganda Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/uganda/uganda_economy.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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