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    Serbia and Montenegro Index 2005

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    Serbia and Montenegro Government - 2005
    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/serbia_and_montenegro/serbia_and_montenegro_government.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Serbia and Montenegro
      conventional short form: none
      local long form: Srbija i Crna Gora
      local short form: none
      former: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
      abbreviation: SCG

      Government type:
      republic

      Capital:
      Belgrade

      Administrative divisions:
      2 republics (republike, singular - republika); and 2 nominally autonomous provinces* (autonomn pokrajine, singular - autonomna pokrajina); Kosovo* (temporarily under UN administration, per UN Security Council Resolution 1244), Montenegro, Serbia, Vojvodina*

      Independence:
      27 April 1992 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia or FRY - now Serbia and Montenegro - formed as self-proclaimed successor to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia or SFRY)

      National holiday:
      National Day, 27 April

      Constitution:
      4 February 2003

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system

      Suffrage:
      16 years of age, if employed; 18 years of age, universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Svetozar MAROVIC (since 7 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President Svetozar MAROVIC (since 7 March 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Federal Ministries act as Cabinet
      elections: president elected by the parliament for a four-year term; election last held 7 March 2003 (next to be held 2007)
      election results: Svetozar MAROVIC elected president by the parliament; vote was Svetozar MAROVIC 65, other 47

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Parliament (126 seats - 91 Serbian, 35 Montenegrin - filled by nominees of the two state parliaments for the first two years, after which the Constitutional Charter calls for direct elections
      elections: last held 25 February 2003 (next to be held 2005)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Serbian parties: SRS 30, DSS 20, DS 13, G17 Plus 12, SPO-NS 8, SPS 8; Montenegrin parties: DPS 15, SNP 9, SDP 4, DSS 3, NS 2, LSCG 2

      Judicial branch:
      The Court of Serbia and Montenegro; judges are elected by the Serbia and Montenegro Parliament for six-year terms
      note: since the promulgation of the 2003 Constitution, the Federal Court has constitutional and administrative functions; it has an equal number of judges from each republic

      Political parties and leaders:
      Democratic Party or DS [Boris TADIC]; Democratic Party of Serbia or DSS [Vojislav KOSTUNICA]; Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro or DPS [Milo DJUKANOVIC]; Democratic Serbian Party of Montenegro or DSS [Bozidar BOJOVIC]; G17 Plus [Miroljub LABUS]; New Serbia or NS [Velimir ILIC]; Liberal Party of Montenegro or LSCG [Miodrag ZIVKOVIC]; People's Party of Montenegro or NS [Dragan SOC]; Power of Serbia Movement or PSS [Bogoljub KARIC]; Serbian Radical Party or SRS [Tomislav NIKOLIC]; Serbian Renewal Movement or SPO [Vuk DRASKOVIC]; Serbian Socialist Party or SPS (former Communist Party and party of Slobodan MILOSEVIC) [Ivica DACIC, president of Main Board]; Social Democratic Party of Montenegro or SDP [Ranko KRIVOKAPIC]; Socialist People's Party of Montenegro or SNP [Predrag BULATOVIC]
      note: the following political parties participate in elections and institutions only in Kosovo, which has been governed by the UN under UNSCR 1244 since 1999: Albanian Christian Democratic Party or PSHDK [Mark KRASNIQI]; Alliance for the Future of Kosovo or AAK [Ramush HARADINAJ]; Citizens' Initiative of Serbia or GIS [Slavisa PETKOVIC]; Democratic Ashkali Party of Kosovo or PDAK [Sabit RRAHMANI]; Democratic League of Kosovo or LDK [Ibrahim RUGOVA]; Democratic Party of Kosovo or PDK [Hashim THACI]; Justice Party of PD [Sylejman CERKEZI]; Kosovo Democratic Turkish Party of KDTP [Mahir YAGCILAR]; Liberal Party of Kosovo or PLK [Gjergj DEDAJ]; Ora [Veton SURROI]; New Democratic Initiative of Kosovo or IRDK [Bislim HOTI]; Party of Democratic Action or SDA [Numan BALIC]; Popular Movement of Kosovo or LPK [Emrush XHEMAJLI]; Prizren-Dragas Initiative or PDI [Ismajl KARADOLAMI]; Serb List for Kosovo and Metohija or SLKM [Oliver IVANOVIC]; United Roma Party of Kosovo or PREBK [Haxhi Zylfi MERXHA]; Vakat [leader NA]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Political Council for Presevo, Medvedja and Bujanovac or PCPMB [leader NA]; Group for Changes of Montenegro or GZP [Nebojsa MEDOJEVIC]

      International organization participation:
      BSEC, CE, CEI, EBRD, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), ONUB, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Ivan VUJACIC
      chancery: 2134 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 332-0333
      FAX: [1] (202) 332-3933
      consulate(s) general: Chicago

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Michael C. POLT
      embassy: Kneza Milosa 50, 11000 Belgrade
      mailing address: 5070 Belgrade Place, Washington, DC 20521-5070
      telephone: [381] (11) 361-9344
      FAX: [381] (11) 361-8230
      consulate(s): Podgorica
      note: there is a branch office in Pristina at 30 Nazim Hikmet 38000 Pristina, Kosovo; telephone: [381](38)549-516; FAX: [381](38)549-890

      Flag description:
      three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and red


      NOTE: The information regarding Serbia and Montenegro on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Serbia and Montenegro Government 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Serbia and Montenegro Government 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/serbia_and_montenegro/serbia_and_montenegro_government.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR051110