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    Serbia and Montenegro Index 2005

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    Serbia and Montenegro Geography - 2005
    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/serbia_and_montenegro/serbia_and_montenegro_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina

      Geographic coordinates:
      44 00 N, 21 00 E

      Map references:
      Europe

      Area:
      total: 102,350 sq km
      land: 102,136 sq km
      water: 214 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Kentucky

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,246 km
      border countries: Albania 287 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 527 km, Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia (north) 241 km, Croatia (south) 25 km, Hungary 151 km, Macedonia 221 km, Romania 476 km

      Coastline:
      199 km

      Maritime claims:
      NA

      Climate:
      in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland

      Terrain:
      extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills; to the southwest, extremely high shoreline with no islands off the coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Daravica 2,656 m

      Natural resources:
      oil, gas, coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, hydropower, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 33.35%
      permanent crops: 3.2%
      other: 63.45% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      570 sq km

      Natural hazards:
      destructive earthquakes

      Environment - current issues:
      pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East; strategic location along the Adriatic coast


      NOTE: The information regarding Serbia and Montenegro on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Serbia and Montenegro Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Serbia and Montenegro Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/serbia_and_montenegro/serbia_and_montenegro_geography.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR051110