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    Poland Index 2005

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    Poland Geography - 2005
    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/poland/poland_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Central Europe, east of Germany

      Geographic coordinates:
      52 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references:
      Europe

      Area:
      total: 312,685 sq km
      land: 304,465 sq km
      water: 8,220 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than New Mexico

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,788 km
      border countries: Belarus 407 km, Czech Republic 658 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 206 km, Slovakia 444 km, Ukraine 526 km

      Coastline:
      491 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties

      Climate:
      temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

      Terrain:
      mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
      highest point: Rysy 2,499 m

      Natural resources:
      coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 45.91%
      permanent crops: 1.12%
      other: 52.97% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      1,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      flooding

      Environment - current issues:
      situation has improved since 1989 due to decline in heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-Communist governments; air pollution nonetheless remains serious because of sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes; pollution levels should continue to decrease as industrial establishments bring their facilities up to European Union code, but at substantial cost to business and the government

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94

      Geography - note:
      historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain


      NOTE: The information regarding Poland on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Poland Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Poland Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/poland/poland_geography.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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