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    Latvia Index 2005

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    Latvia Economy - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/latvia/latvia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Latvia's transitional economy recovered from the 1998 Russian financial crisis, largely due to the government's budget stringency and a gradual reorientation of exports toward EU countries, lessening Latvia's trade dependency on Russia. The majority of companies, banks, and real estate have been privatized, although the state still holds sizable stakes in a few large enterprises. Latvia officially joined the World Trade Organization in February 1999. EU membership, a top foreign policy goal, came in May 2004. The current account and internal government deficits remain major concerns, but the government's efforts to increase efficiency in revenue collection may lessen the budget deficit. A growing perception that many of Latvia's banks facilitate illicit activity could damage the country's vibrant financial sector.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $26.53 billion (2004 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      7.6% (2004 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $11,500 (2004 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 4.4%
      industry: 24.8%
      services: 70.8% (2004 est.)

      Labor force:
      1.17 million (2004 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 15%, industry 25%, services 60% (2000 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      8.8% (2004 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.9%
      highest 10%: 25.9% (1998)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      32 (1999)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      6% (2004 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      26.1% of GDP (2004 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $4.231 billion
      expenditures: $4.504 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)

      Public debt:
      11.8% of GDP (2004 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      grain, sugar beets, potatoes, vegetables; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish

      Industries:
      buses, vans, street and railroad cars, synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals, processed foods, textiles; note - dependent on imports for energy and raw materials

      Industrial production growth rate:
      8.5% (2004 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      4.547 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - consumption:
      5.829 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - exports:
      1.1 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      2.7 billion kWh (2002)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      44,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Natural gas - production:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      1.7 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      1.7 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Current account balance:
      $-1.251 billion (2004 est.)

      Exports:
      $3.569 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      wood and wood products, machinery and equipment, metals, textiles, foodstuffs

      Exports - partners:
      UK 22.1%, Germany 9.9%, US 8.2%, Sweden 7.3%, France 6.6%, Lithuania 6.4%, Estonia 5.2%, Denmark 4.2%, Russia 4.1% (2004)

      Imports:
      $5.97 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, vehicles

      Imports - partners:
      Germany 16.1%, Russia 14.4%, Lithuania 7.6%, Finland 6.5%, Sweden 5.6%, Estonia 5.1%, Italy 4.2%, Poland 4% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $1.65 billion (2004 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $7.368 billion (2004 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $96.2 million (1995)

      Currency (code):
      Latvian lat (LVL)

      Exchange rates:
      lati per US dollar - 0.5402 (2004), 0.5715 (2003), 0.6182 (2002), 0.6279 (2001), 0.6065 (2000)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Latvia on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Latvia Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Latvia Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/latvia/latvia_economy.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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