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    Korea, North Index 2005

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    Korea, North Government - 2005
    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/korea_north/korea_north_government.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
      conventional short form: North Korea
      local long form: Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk
      local short form: none
      note: the North Koreans generally use the term "Choson" to refer to their country
      abbreviation: DPRK

      Government type:
      Communist state one-man dictatorship

      Capital:
      Pyongyang

      Administrative divisions:
      9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 4 municipalities (si, singular and plural)
      : provinces: Chagang-do (Chagang), Hamgyong-bukto (North Hamgyong), Hamgyong-namdo (South Hamgyong), Hwanghae-bukto (North Hwanghae), Hwanghae-namdo (South Hwanghae), Kangwon-do (Kangwon), P'yongan-bukto (North P'yongan), P'yongan-namdo (South P'yongan), Yanggang-do (Yanggang)
      : municipalites: Kaesong-si (Kaesong), Najin Sonbong-si (Najin), Namp'o-si (Namp'o), P'yongyang-si (Pyongyang)

      Independence:
      15 August 1945 (from Japan)

      National holiday:
      Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), 9 September (1948)

      Constitution:
      adopted 1948, completely revised 27 December 1972, revised again in April 1992 and September 1998

      Legal system:
      based on German civil law system with Japanese influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage:
      17 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: KIM Jong Il (since July 1994); note - on 3 September 2003, rubberstamp Supreme People's Assembly (SPA) reelected KIM Jong Il Chairman of the National Defense Commission, a position accorded nation's "highest administrative authority"; SPA reelected KIM Yong Nam President of its Presidium also with responsibility of representing state and receiving diplomatic credentials; SPA appointed PAK Pong Ju Premier
      head of government: Premier PAK Pong Ju (since 3 September 2003); Vice Premiers KWAK Pom Gi (since 5 September 1998), JON Sung Hun (since 3 September 2003), RO Tu Chol (since 3 September 2003)
      cabinet: Cabinet (Naegak), members, except for the Minister of People's Armed Forces, are appointed by the SPA
      elections: election last held in September 2003 (next to be held in September 2008)
      election results: KIM Jong Il and KIM Yong Nam were only nominees for positions and ran unopposed

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Supreme People's Assembly or Ch'oego Inmin Hoeui (687 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 3 August 2003 (next to be held in August 2008)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; ruling party approves a list of candidates who are elected without opposition; some seats are held by minor parties

      Judicial branch:
      Central Court (judges are elected by the Supreme People's Assembly)

      Political parties and leaders:
      major party - Korean Workers' Party or KWP [KIM Jong Il, general secretary]; minor parties - Chondoist Chongu Party [RYU Mi Yong, chairwoman] (under KWP control); Social Democratic Party [KIM Yong Dae, chairman] (under KWP control)

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      none

      International organization participation:
      ARF, FAO, G-77, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      none; North Korea has a Permanent Mission to the UN in New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      none (Swedish Embassy in Pyongyang represents the US as consular protecting power)

      Flag description:
      three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star


      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, North on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, North Government 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, North Government 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/korea_north/korea_north_government.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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