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    Burundi Index 2005

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    Burundi Economy - 2005
    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/burundi/burundi_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural with roughly 90% of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture. Economic growth depends on coffee and tea exports, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings. The ability to pay for imports, therefore, rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices. The Tutsi minority, 14% of the population, dominates the government and the coffee trade at the expense of the Hutu majority, 85% of the population. Since October 1993 an ethnic-based war has resulted in more than 200,000 deaths, forced 450,000 refugees into Tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally. Doubts about the prospects for sustainable peace continue to impede development. Only one in two children go to school, and approximately one in ten adults has HIV/AIDS. Food, medicine, and electricity remain in short supply.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $4.001 billion (2004 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3% (2004 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $600 (2004 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 48.1%
      industry: 19%
      services: 32.9% (2004 est.)

      Labor force:
      2.99 million (2002)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 93.6%, industry 2.3%, services 4.1% (2002 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      NA

      Population below poverty line:
      68% (2002 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 1.8%
      highest 10%: 32.9% (1998)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      42.5 (1998)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      8.5% (2004 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      10.7% of GDP (2004 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $152.5 million
      expenditures: $187.7 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides

      Industries:
      light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing

      Industrial production growth rate:
      18% (2001)

      Electricity - production:
      132 million kWh (2002)

      Electricity - consumption:
      137.8 million kWh (2002)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      15 million kWh; note - supplied by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2002)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      2,750 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Current account balance:
      $-59.5 million (2004 est.)

      Exports:
      $31.84 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides

      Exports - partners:
      Switzerland 25.8%, Germany 12.2%, Belgium 7.9%, US 5.5%, Thailand 5.3%, Rwanda 5.2% (2004)

      Imports:
      $138.2 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs

      Imports - partners:
      Kenya 11.7%, Tanzania 9.6%, US 9.1%, Belgium 9%, France 8.8%, Italy 5.4%, Japan 4.8%, Uganda 4.8%, Zambia 4.2% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $76.89 million (2004 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $1.133 billion (2002)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $92.7 million (2000)

      Currency (code):
      Burundi franc (BIF)

      Exchange rates:
      Burundi francs per US dollar - 1,100.91 (2004), 1,082.62 (2003), 930.75 (2002), 830.35 (2001), 720.67 (2000)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Burundi on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burundi Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burundi Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/burundi/burundi_economy.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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