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    Brazil Index 2005

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    Brazil Geography - 2005
    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/brazil/brazil_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

      Geographic coordinates:
      10 00 S, 55 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      Area:
      total: 8,511,965 sq km
      land: 8,456,510 sq km
      water: 55,455 sq km
      note: includes Arquipelago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martin Vaz, and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 14,691 km
      border countries: Argentina 1,224 km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia 1,643 km, French Guiana 673 km, Guyana 1,119 km, Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru 1,560 km, Suriname 597 km, Uruguay 985 km, Venezuela 2,200 km

      Coastline:
      7,491 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to edge of the continental margin

      Climate:
      mostly tropical, but temperate in south

      Terrain:
      mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m

      Natural resources:
      bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 6.96%
      permanent crops: 0.9%
      other: 92.15% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      26,560 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      recurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area; there is a lucrative illegal wildlife trade; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities; land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities; wetland degradation; severe oil spills

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador


      NOTE: The information regarding Brazil on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Brazil Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Brazil Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/brazil/brazil_geography.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR051110