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8. Immigrants Admitted as Permanent Residents Under Refugee Acts, by Country of Birth

[For fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, Section 9. Covers immigrants who were allowed to enter the United States under 1953 Refugee Relief Act and later acts; Hungarian parolees under July 1958 Act; refugee-escapee parolees under July 1960 Act; conditional entries by refugees under Oct. 1965 Act; Cuban parolees under Nov. 1966 Act; beginning 1978, Indochina refugees under Act of Oct. 1977; beginning 1980, refugee-parolees under the Act of Oct. 1978, and asylees under the Act of March 1980; and beginning 1981 refugees under the Act of March 1980]

 
1961- 1971- 1981- 1991-
COUNTRY OF BIRTH 70, 80, 90, 96, 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
total total total total
 
    Total 212,843 539,447 1,013,620 748,122 97,364 139,079 117,037 127,343 121,434 114,664 128,565 112,158 54,645
Europe 1 55,235 71,858 155,512 312,815 33,111 62,946 42,721 53,195 54,978 46,998 51,977 39,795 19,048
  Albania 1,952 395 353 3,013 64 75 539 1,198 733 314 154 76 56
  Austria 233 185 424 330 84 131 90 54 25 15 15 20 6
  Bulgaria 1,799 1,238 1,197 1,519 178 311 562 303 138 105 100 69 33
  Czechoslovakia, former 5,709 3,646 8,204 1,201 883 659 319 119 41 38 25 40 15
  Estonia 16 2 25 646 5 9 155 125 176 83 98 89 18
  Germany 665 143 851 625 (NA) 214 94 82 84 61 90 79 55
  Greece 586 478 1,408 342 315 127 28 39 65 50 33 11 8
  Hungary 4,044 4,358 4,942 1,231 868 817 229 80 37 28 40 24 14
  Italy 1,198 346 394 378 86 206 105 32 11 7 17 14 7
  Latvia 49 16 48 2,156 6 34 315 493 568 387 359 272 69
  Lithuania 72 23 37 961 11 75 157 228 214 151 136 85 27
  Netherlands 3,134 8 14 17 4 5 2 7 3 0 0 3 5
  Poland 3,197 5,882 33,889 7,210 3,903 4,205 1,512 731 334 245 183 143 54
  Portugal 1,361 21 21 12 2 2 0 4 2 3 1 1 0
  Romania 7,158 6,812 29,798 15,139 3,186 4,276 4,971 3,654 1,199 592 447 322 116
  Soviet Union, former 2 871 31,309 72,306 264,187 23,186 51,551 33,504 45,900 50,756 40,120 42,356 30,880 13,200
    Armenia (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 1,546 (NA) (NA) 479 329 342 214 182 213 158
    Azerbaijan (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 10,049 (NA) (NA) 1,551 2,790 2,668 1,594 1,446 1,000 196
    Belarus (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 19,545 (NA) (NA) 3,008 4,480 5,156 3,421 3,480 2,486 557
    Georgia (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 1,834 (NA) (NA) 255 213 392 383 591 425 100
    Kazakhstan (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 2,823 (NA) (NA) 460 544 595 600 624 612 152
    Kyrgyzstan (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 779 (NA) (NA) 123 114 210 155 177 200 49
    Moldova (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 9,300 (NA) (NA) 1,588 2,546 2,154 1,597 1,415 1,043 272
    Russia (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 44,367 (NA) (NA) 7,122 8,965 10,359 8,176 9,745 6,985 2,225
    Tajikistan (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 2,191 (NA) (NA) 167 301 534 654 535 239 24
    Ukraine (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 81,263 (NA) (NA) 13,347 16,977 19,366 14,937 16,636 12,137 3,641
    Uzbekistan (NA) (NA) (NA) 3 14,638 (NA) (NA) 1,550 2,475 3,211 3,258 4,144 2,885 292
  Spain 4,114 5,317 736 3 317 84 96 50 37 55 33 46 29 31
  Yugoslavia, former 18,299 11,297 324 3 13,271 23 66 58 77 506 4,744 7,820 7,597 5,312
Asia 1 19,895 210,683 712,092 286,125 51,867 49,762 53,422 51,783 45,768 43,314 42,076 30,835 11,743
  Afghanistan 0 542 22,946 9,065 2,144 2,100 2,082 2,233 1,665 616 369 356 137
  Cambodia 0 7,739 114,064 6,088 4,719 2,550 1,695 808 557 268 210 163 62
  China 4 5,308 13,760 7,928 5,079 330 620 884 1,153 774 803 845 692 898
  Hong Kong 2,128 3,468 1,916 535 30 75 193 90 82 48 47 19 5
  India (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,125 (NA) 47 34 103 133 323 485 462 373
  Indonesia 7,658 222 1,385 174 28 12 13 16 41 62 30 8 4
  Iran 58 364 46,773 20,126 8,649 8,515 3,093 3,875 2,186 1,245 1,212 1,447 754
  Iraq 119 6,851 7,540 14,464 141 193 365 1,856 4,400 3,848 3,802 1,774 999
  Japan 554 56 110 18 1 4 5 3 4 2 0 0 1
  Korea 1,316 65 120 14 2 1 0 1 3 5 4 3 2
  Laos 0 21,690 142,964 33,701 9,824 9,127 8,026 6,547 4,482 3,364 2,155 1,363 1,110
  Lebanon (NA) (NA) 1,271 875 118 318 140 204 88 48 77 68 39
  Malaysia 9 192 1,277 326 59 93 88 37 49 44 15 16 0
  Pakistan (NA) (NA) 666 1,052 157 166 129 185 181 197 194 280 130
  Philippines 100 216 3,403 855 290 249 221 122 103 80 80 68 16
  Saudi Arabia (NA) (NA) (NA) 557 (NA) 33 19 24 75 126 280 135 79
  Syria 383 1,336 2,145 963 393 252 96 115 34 258 208 146 707
  Thailand 13 1,241 30,259 19,323 4,077 3,603 4,048 3,724 3,076 2,932 1,940 1,112 1,134
  Turkey 1,489 1,193 1,896 460 276 109 16 79 156 58 42 35 21
  Vietnam 7 150,266 324,453 169,560 20,537 21,543 32,155 30,249 27,318 28,595 29,700 22,297 4,921
North America 1 132,068 252,633 121,840 111,744 9,910 21,317 15,962 15,926 14,204 16,265 28,070 32,898 16,372
  Cuba 131,557 251,514 113,367 76,370 7,668 7,953 9,919 11,603 11,998 12,355 22,542 30,377 14,915
  El Salvador 1 45 1,383 3,623 245 1,249 743 811 275 283 262 198 129
  Guatemala (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,198 58 296 169 210 131 158 234 327 264
  Haiti (NA) (NA) (NA) 7,309 59 31 16 68 664 2,502 4,028 1,074 537
  Honduras (NA) (NA) (NA) 722 66 133 105 165 81 119 119 109 108
  Nicaragua 3 36 5,590 21,252 1,694 11,233 4,668 2,892 966 727 766 666 316
  Panama (NA) (NA) (NA) 662 43 246 243 81 33 38 21 19 16
South America 1 123 1,244 1,976 3,025 264 320 442 461 383 497 922 890 712
  Chile 4 420 531 110 20 38 16 17 8 10 21 14 12
  Colombia (NA) (NA) (NA) 471 (NA) 46 74 63 70 102 116 154 171
  Peru (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,285 (NA) 73 74 176 153 241 568 489 338
  Venezuela (NA) (NA) (NA) 811 87 120 220 135 91 95 150 173 118
Africa 1 5,486 2,991 22,149 34,224 2,212 4,731 4,480 5,944 6,078 7,527 5,464 7,651 4,225
  Congo (Kinshasa) 5 (NA) (NA) (NA) 656 (NA) 57 72 109 113 130 175 146 55
  Egypt 5,396 1,473 426 237 69 52 18 35 37 29 66 71 54
  Ethiopia 2 1,307 18,542 15,849 1,682 3,582 3,268 3,682 2,530 1,802 985 1,056 507
  Kenya (NA) (NA) (NA) 550 (NA) 32 42 42 98 165 171 291 234
  Liberia (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,712 (NA) 42 25 239 851 855 700 505 225
  Somalia (NA) (NA) (NA) 7,864 (NA) 282 330 885 1,572 3,095 1,700 3,607 2,270
  Sudan (NA) (NA) (NA) 3,422 60 184 369 443 402 935 1,089 1,119 287
Other 36 38 51 189 0 3 10 34 23 63 56 89 2,545


NA Not available.
1 Includes other countries, not shown separately.
2 Includes other republics and unknown republics, not shown separately.
3 Covers years 1992-1996.
4 Includes Taiwan through 1990.
5 "Congo" is the official short-form name for both the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. To distinguish one from the other the U.S. Dept. of State adds the capital in parentheses. This practice is unofficial and provisional.

Source: U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook, annual; and releases. http://www.ins.usdoj.gov/graphics/aboutins/statistics/index.htm



http://www.allcountries.org/uscensus/8_immigrants_admitted_as_permanent_residents_under.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.