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Hohensalzburg fortress, Salzburg, Austria Photo
Hohensalzburg fortress, Salzburg
SOURCE: Osterreich Werbung/Weinhaeupl W., courtesy of Austrian National Tourist Office, used with permission.

Hohensalzburg Fortress dominates the skyline of Salzburg.

The 900-year-old Hohensalzburg Fortress, the city's chief landmark, is the biggest and most fully-preserved fortification in Europe. Built by Archbishop Gebhard during the investiture controversy in 1077, it served to protect the clergy and the population.

The Fortress offers visitors a stunning view of the city of Salzburg and surounding area. It is accessed from Kapitelplatz through the Festungsgasse; visitors can choose between the funicular, departing every 10 minutes, or taking a 30-minute walk to the top.

Much of the 14,000 square meters of Hohensalzburg Fortress have been turned into museums: the chambers and vaults of the Fortress Museum present relics from the fortress history, offering insight into fortress life and customs; the Rainer Regiment Museum, an impressive multimedia show; and a Marionette Museum.


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This page was last modified 25-JAN-09
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